Mustafa Kemal Ataturk at the Wedding of his Adopted Daughter Nebile, 1929

May 10, 2021

In this colorized photo Mustafa Kamel Atatürk, the revered President of Turkey, is at the wedding of his adopted daughter, Nebile, on January 17, 1929. Nebile was one of his adopted children: a boy and eight girls. His best-known adopted child was Sabiha Gökçen, who became Turkey’s first female pilot and the world’s first female fighter pilot. 

Source: (Klimbim).

During his presidency, Atatürk instituted sweeping changes in order to create modern Turkey. Some of those changes are evident in this photo. In 1925, Turks no longer were allowed to wear the kavuk (a religious headgear) or the abaya (a full-length gown women wore to cover their body), unless they were religious officials. They also no longer wore the fez (for men) or the yasmak (for women), but instead wore European-style hats such as a bowler or fedora. Women also started wearing jackets and coats, and some traveled to Paris to learn about the latest fashion trends 

Ataturk's Rise To Power

Source: (Klimbim).

The Turks lived in Central Asia around 2000 BC, later spreading to cover a vast part of Asia and Europe, establishing a number of empires. In the early 11th century, they settled in Anatolia, eventually establishing the Anatolian Seljuk State (1080-1308). After the Mongol invasion of Anatolia, the Ottoman State began its rule, which lasted from 1299-1923. The Ottoman Empire covered a territory which spanned three continents and lasted for 623 years, until the end of the First World War. At its height the Ottomans ruled over Greece, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Albania, Romania, all of the islands in the Easter Mediterranean, and the Middle East.

Starting in the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire began a slow decline, which continued until World War I. Under the Mondros Armistice, the territories of the Ottoman Empire were occupied by Britain, France, Russia, and Greece, and the Ottoman Empire no longer existed. As a result of this occupation, a national resistance and liberation movement began under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal. Kemal, who had risen to prominence after he secured the Turkish Ottoman victory at Gallipolli in World War I, mobilized Anatolia in an attempt to gain Turkish independence. From 1919-1922, the Turkish National Liberation War was fought by a small army of volunteers. On July 24, 1923, the Lausanne Peace Treaty was signed, which created the national borders of the Turkish state. On October 29, 1923, the Republic of Turkey was proclaimed, and Mustafa Kemal, who would become known as Atatürk, or the “Father of the Turks” was elected president.